WHAT IS ANTI-ALLERGIC VACCINATION?
An allergy vaccine is a preventive measure that reduces the risk of developing allergic symptoms. The vaccine changes the way the immune system responds to allergens (substances that cause allergies). Specialists also use the term "immune therapy with allergens."
Allergy vaccines are usually developed individually for each patient. They contain a small amount of allergens. If a person is allergic to, for example, bee stings, then an allergy vaccine can reduce or even eliminate the risk of developing an allergic reaction to such a sting.
THERE ARE THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF VACCINES:
- pollen from trees, weeds and grasses;
- mold spores from the air;
- "dandruff" of cats or dogs (tiny scales of animal hair and skin);
- stings of bees, yellow wasps, hornets, colored ants.
Allergy vaccinations are not suitable for food, latex, and drug allergies.
WHY IS VACCINATION NEEDED?
A person with allergies is forced to avoid interaction with allergens as much as possible: pollen, mold and other substances that cause allergies. You can also take special drugs, but if these measures are not enough, the specialist will recommend an anti-allergic vaccine. Such vaccines may also prevent the risk of asthma in children with allergies.
The specialist will recommend anti-allergic vaccine therapy if there is a serious reaction to a bee or wasp sting. To choose the right vaccine for yourself, you can contact the specialists VALINTERMED for qualified help.
Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction - anaphylaxis - are as follows:
- redness - the skin becomes scarlet, its temperature rises (primarily on the face);
- rash, the appearance of areas of acute inflammation with a sensation of itching;
- angioedema (angioneurotic edema) - inflammation of the skin on the face and eyelids, inflammation of the oral mucosa, skin of the hands and feet;
- difficulty breathing, wheezing, or voice changes;
- dizziness, sometimes fainting.
Insect allergy vaccines will greatly reduce the chance that you will develop anaphylaxis in future bites.
IS ANTIALERGIC VACCINATION THERAPY SAFE?
The vaccine is safe for people of all ages. An exception is pregnant women who did not receive the vaccine before conception. For them, vaccination is possible only after childbirth. If a woman was vaccinated before conception, she can be revaccinated during pregnancy.
Some medicines, such as beta-blockers, can cause problems for people who have been vaccinated. Your doctor should get detailed and complete information about all the medicines you take before you sign up for an allergy shot. In some cases, you may need to adjust your drug list in order to get vaccinated.
WHAT HAPPENS BEFORE AND AFTER VACCINATION
Some people take an antihistamine before each injection. Among the most common antihistamines are loratadine (example brand name: Claritin), cetirizine (example brand name: Zyrtec) and fexofenadine (example brand name: Allegra).
You may receive only one vaccine or several different ones, depending on the number of allergens. Before vaccination, the doctor will check your health status without fail. If you have asthma with worsening symptoms or a fever, you will likely have to wait and get vaccinated a few days later.
After receiving the vaccine, you must remain under observation for at least half an hour so that the doctor can make sure that the body is responding normally to the vaccine.
You should also avoid strenuous exercise for several hours after receiving the vaccine. During high physical exertion, the body can absorb the vaccine faster than necessary, which is fraught with the risk of developing an allergic reaction to the antiallergic drug.
WHAT REACTIONS CAN OCCUR AFTER RECEIVING THE VACCINE?
THERE ARE 2 MAIN REACTIONS TO ANTIALERGIC VACCINES:
- The area where the vaccine was injected may become red and itchy. This is a local reaction that does not pose a danger.
- In very rare cases, people develop anaphylaxis after vaccination. Anaphylaxis is a dangerous clinical form of the reaction. If a person develops anaphylaxis, it usually happens within the first 30 minutes after receiving the vaccine. If this happens in the clinic, it is important to quickly inject adrenaline. That is why vaccination should be carried out strictly in a medical institution, and not at home.
HOW FREQUENCY AND FOR HOW LONG SHOULD I RECEIVE THE VACCINE?
Most patients receive allergy vaccines for three to five years, rarely longer. In the first months, vaccines are administered one to three times a week. Gradually, the concentration of the drug increases, and allergy symptoms begin to decrease. When the concentration reaches a maximum, the frequency of receiving the vaccine is reduced to 1 time every half a month to a month. As a rule, the clinical picture of allergy continues to improve over time.
ARE THERE OTHER ANTI-ALLERGIC VACCINATION METHODS?
There is a form of treatment called sublingual immunotherapy. Simply put, it is taking pills that dissolve under the tongue. In this case, there is no need for injections, but this method only works for certain types of allergies.
Sublingual immunotherapy is given daily and lasts for several months. The first pill is taken in the clinic, then patients take the pills at home. This method is safer than vaccination.
For all questions related to anti-allergic vaccination, you can contact our specialists!