Onco check-up. Early cancer detection in Spain
We offer you to familiarize yourself with all the standards and protocols for early diagnosis of the most common oncological diseases. We also recommend making an appointment for a medical consultation if you need to carry out a serious and in-depth diagnosis of cancer. In Spain (Valencia) you can consult with our specialists.
Colorectal Cancer Screening Program in Valencia
Colorectal cancer is a neoplastic disease that ranks third in prevalence among men and second in women. In most cases, the disease affects people under the age of 50. There is evidence that colorectal cancer is caused by a genetic predisposition, but about 15% of its occurrence is influenced by other circumstances.
The program for early diagnosis of this pathology allows timely detection of the tumor. This program involves not only oncologists, but also general surgical specialists, geneticists, endoscopists and gastroenterologists.
Colorectal cancer diagnostics in Valencia includes the following types of tests:
- HIDDEN BLOOD STOOL
- laboratory diagnostics – genetic tests, molecular studies, etc. Their main purpose is to identify a cancerous process or a predisposition to its onset,
- radiological diagnostics.
Also, the clinic conducts a study and assessment of each case by a specially created committee.
Genetic research ranks first in importance among all diagnostic methods. Timely determination of the predisposition to colorectal cancer allows you to determine the patient’s risk group. Then we can launch a monitoring program that will allow both to quickly identify the onset of the cancer process. Whith permise us to act more clearly and effectively in the future.
Cervical Cancer Screening and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program
According to current research data, more than 3/4 of the adult population of the Earth is in constant contact with the human papillomavirus throughout their lives.
In most cases, this virus does not cause any discomfort and does not manifest itself in any way. The infection clears up after a couple of months. But some patients may develop quite serious consequences of HPV infection:
1) infection with viruses of types 11 and 6 (low risk, according to modern classification) causes the formation of papillomas in the genital area,
2) infection with viruses of types 16 and 18 (oncogenic types in the modern classification) leads to the initiation of the cancer process. Usually, the onset of the process is asymptomatic, which makes diagnosis and treatment difficult.
In the clinics of Valencia, the diagnosis of cervical cancer is performed by two methods: using cytological studies or a Pap smear. Screening studies are carried out annually, including for the purpose of diagnosing precancerous lesions and preventing the development of cervical cancer. The screening program makes it possible to significantly reduce the risk of detecting cancer at an advanced stage.
The human papillomavirus detection program makes it possible to detect the presence of an infection with a virus of the oncogenic group before the infection becomes the cause of the development of anomalies. It should be noted here that a positive test result does not mean that cancer will necessarily develop. It only indicates the presence of a risk factor.
In addition to diagnostics, specialists in Valencia clinics vaccinate children and women (aged 25-45) with a tetravalent vaccine developed against the four main types of papillomavirus. Research in recent years shows that this vaccine is effective in preventing cancer in those at risk.
Breast Cancer Early Detection Program in Valencia (Spain)
Determining a high risk of developing breast cancer is one of the key factors that ensure the effectiveness of prevention of this disease. Breast cancer, according to statistics, ranks second (after skin cancer) in terms of prevalence among women. In Spain alone, more than 22 thousand cases are detected annually, and the disease affects both young women 30-35 years old and the elderly up to 80 years old. In the group of maximum risk – women 45-65 years old.
In recent years, the early diagnosis of cancer program in Spain has significantly reduced the number of late detection of breast cancer. Improvements in treatment and prevention methods have also played a role. Today breast cancer is detected earlier, which provides more effective treatment and increases the life expectancy of patients. It should be noted that it is the early diagnosis of cancer that is the most important factor determining the entire subsequent prognosis of the course of the disease.
Specialists in Spanish clinics recommend regular breast cancer screening tests for women over 35 years old. The absence of any symptoms is not a reason to refuse screening – in the early stages, the disease often does not manifest itself in any way.
In what cases is it necessary to undergo diagnostics?
It is necessary to consult a specialist if you notice one or more of the following signs in yourself:
- a sharp change in the shape and appearance of the breast,
- the formation of nodules that are hard to the touch, either in the chest area or in the armpits,
- retraction of the area of skin on the chest,
- redness of a skin area that does not disappear for a long time,
- the appearance of bloody discharge from the nipples.
In the clinics of Valencia, patients with suspected risk of developing breast cancer have the opportunity to participate in a genetic study. The procedure will establish the presence of a risk and provide more effective preventive measures and possible treatment.
Early detection program for skin cancer in Valencia (Spain)
Non-melanoma skin cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer. Researchers distinguish two main types of this disease: basal cell carcinoma, which accounts for up to 3/4 of all cases, and squamous cell carcinoma.
The incidence of non-melanoma cancer has increased in the past decade. In this regard, a program for the early detection of skin cancer in the clinics of Valencia was developed and implemented. This program is coordinated by dermatologists, specialists in the field of maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgeons, oncologists and genetic scientists.
What is a dermatological complex program?
It is a series of tests aimed at identifying risk factors and detecting early manifestations of non-melanoma cancer. Among them, the most important is dermatological research – dermoscopy. During dermoscopy, a specialist analyzes the parameters of the skin and identifies the affected areas, as well as benign and malignant neoplasms. Based on the results of this study, a further action plan is drawn up.
In the clinics of Valencia, specialists also draw up a detailed map of the skin areas. The map represents digitized photographs of various areas of the skin (face, arms, legs, back, etc.), which are brought together and analyzed. The map makes it possible to identify skin changes and monitor their development. Such a map is unique in that it allows any specialist-dermatologist to observe the patient in dynamics, tracking changes by comparing the current state of the skin with previously taken images through the Bodyscan program.
Prostate Cancer Screening Program in Valencia (Spain)
The screening program is designed to timely identify patients at high risk of developing prostate cancer, assess the situation and plan more effective therapy in each case. Prostate cancer is one of the highest prevalence rates among adult men. The frequency of occurrence directly depends on age. So, after 50 years, 25% of men develop cancer cells in the prostate. By the age of 75-80, this figure increases to 50%.
An increase in the size of the prostate does not always signal the presence of a malignant tumor – often an increase is a symptom of benign hypertrophy. However, if such a symptom is found, it is recommended to undergo diagnostics to make sure that there is no serious threat. Prostate cancer is a slowly progressive disease. Among the reasons for its development, researchers call a mutation in DNA – because of it, prostate cells begin to grow uncontrollably, which leads to the formation of a tumor.
Risk factors whitch have relation with prostate cancer
Among the factors that increase the risk of cancer, researchers have identified the following:
- over 60 years of age,
- dark skin,
- a diet that includes a large amount of fatty foods,
- heredity (the presence in the family of relatives who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer).
To reduce the risk of developing the disease, experts recommend following a healthy diet (limiting the consumption of fatty meats and cheeses), maintaining a normal weight and regularly undergoing screening.
Clinical detection of prostate cancer
Men over the age of 50 should be regularly screened for the development of prostate cancer. If there are cases of this disease in the family history, then the age at risk is reduced to 40 years. Even in the absence of symptoms, it is recommended that you regularly see a specialist who will give a referral for PSA and blood tests. Early detection of neoplasms is a decisive factor for successful therapy.
In the clinics of Valencia, a unified program for the diagnosis of prostate cancer in the early stages has been developed. Medical facilities in Valencia are equipped with everything necessary to organize a complete examination, including genetic tests.
Lung Cancer Early Detection Program in Valencia (Spain)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of early death in developed countries. The key factor in its occurrence is smoking. Active smokers account for over 80% of patients diagnosed with lung cancer, however, those who constantly live near smokers (exposed to the so-called secondhand smoke) are also at risk. The longer a person smokes, and the more cigarettes he smokes daily, the higher the risk of developing lung cancer. Interestingly, among heavy smokers who quit the habit after years of daily smoking, the risk of developing lung cancer is relatively low.
Among other factors that determine the occurrence of lung cancer, researchers focus on genetic factors.
In the clinics of Valencia, an early screening program for lung cancer has been established. The program is coordinated by specialists in the field of genetics, pneumology, oncologists and endoscopists.
The screening program includes a series of tests that allow both to identify lung cancer at the first stage, and to determine whether a person belongs to a risk group. In addition to laboratory tests, X-ray examinations are included in the program. Interestingly, back in 2010, experts who regularly screened lung cancer using CT, presented results that reported a 20% reduction in mortality among patients who underwent computed tomography instead of the traditional X-ray examination.
Clinics in Spain are equipped with modern computer equipment (in particular, 64-slice tomographs), which makes it possible to carry out a complete and detailed examination for the detection of lung cancer. In addition, the screening program includes a number of genetic tests and molecular studies that detect a predisposition to developing lung cancer.
Placing a patient in a risk group makes it possible to subsequently conduct more thorough monitoring of his condition and identify the disease at an early stage, when the prognosis of treatment is most favorable.
Early detection of cancer in Spain and the diagnosis and treatment of cancer are possible in our clinics in Valencia. You can make an appointment. We will organize you timely qualified support!