Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Valencia
Magnetic resonance imaging is one of the most reliable and reliable ways to make a quick diagnosis. The success of the examination consists of two components: the experience of a radiologist and the use of modern high-tech equipment.
Both of these components are represented in clinics in Valencia and throughout the Valencian Community – doctors have extensive experience in identifying and recognizing the signs of a wide range of diseases, and the technical equipment is regularly updated.
Spanish medical regulations place strict restrictions on the use of MRI equipment. In the clinics of Valencia, high-tech devices of the latest generation are used, using contrast agents based on gadolinium. These tomographs allow specialists to study in detail the internal organs, revealing even the slightest deviations from the norm.
WHAT IS MRI AND HOW IS IT DONE IN VALENCIA?
MRI is a technically rather complicated method, which, however, is safe due to the absence of radiation exposure. Magnetic resonance imaging, as the name suggests, is performed using a magnetic field and does not involve the administration of radioactive drugs or the use of X-rays to the patient.
For diagnostics, the patient is placed inside the tomograph – in a special “tunnel”. There are several types of tunnels. At the dawn of the development of tomography, all of them were narrow, but today, modern devices provide tunnels with an increased (up to 80 cm) diameter – this allows the patient to feel comfortable and neutralize the effect of a closed space.
In addition, the tunnels of modern tomographs are open on both sides, they provide soft lighting and excellent ventilation. During the procedure, the patient does not feel fear or discomfort – this fully applies even to people suffering from claustrophobia.
ADVANTAGES OF THE PROCEDURE
MRI enables the diagnostician to obtain clear images of tissues and organs. Based on the images, the specialist establishes an accurate diagnosis and prescribes adequate treatment. Often, MRI diagnostics are prescribed to clarify the general state of the patient’s health – in itself, a referral to the procedure does not at all mean the presence of pathology.
Today MRI is one of the most common, accurate and safe ways to detect a wide range of diseases. MRI is used to examine almost all organs and systems. An exception for the appointment of this procedure is only the presumptive presence of gastrointestinal diseases – MRI is not used to diagnose this area.
The key advantages of MRI in Spanish clinics are the use of modern high-tech equipment and safe contrast for soft tissues. Together, this makes it possible to obtain clear images of tissues and organs with high resolution. And the exclusion of radiation exposure to the body makes the procedure safe and allows you to repeat it repeatedly.
The use of contrast agents makes it possible to obtain high-quality 3D images of organs, including coronary arteries, as well as coronary artery bypass grafts.
A huge advantage of MRI compared to other diagnostic methods is the absence of the need for hospitalization of the patient and the need for the introduction of catheters into the vessels when examining the heart and coronary arteries.
TYPES OF CONTRAST PREPARATIONS
Today, several types of contrast agents are used in diagnostics, which can be divided into three large groups:
- iodine-based contrasts,
- contrasts based on barium salts,
- contrasts based on gadolinium.
The first two types of drugs are still used in some MRI machines, but gadolinium contrasts – new generation drugs – are successfully replacing them. Gadolinium medications are safer and provide the most accurate imaging.
When it comes to contrast media, the importance of using safe contrast media should be noted, especially for patients with renal insufficiency. Studies show that gadolinium-based contrasts are much less likely to cause allergic reactions. In addition, the stable gadolinium compound makes it possible to conduct MRI diagnostics of pregnant women with minimal risks to the health of the fetus.
Experienced radiologists, qualified personnel, state-of-the-art equipment and an emphasis on safety and efficiency are key factors in the success and reliability of MRI diagnostics performed in any clinic in Valencia.
VARIETIES OF MRI
Specialists in Valencia carry out ALL existing types of MRI diagnostics:
1) typical – these include:
- MRI of the brain,
- MRI of the cervical spine,
- MRI of the heart and blood vessels,
- MRI of the abdominal region,
- MRI of the pelvic region,
- MRI of the joints.
2) Specialized – these include:
- urological examination,
- examination of the inner ear,
- breast examination,
- virtual navigation (used in surgical operations),
- examination of intracranial fluid,
- functional tomography,
- magnetic resonance perfusion,
- high resolution knee examination.
The availability of modern equipment allows performing specialized MRI examinations that are not available to patients in other countries.
DETAILED INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROCEDURE
Are there any contraindications for diagnosis? This question is most often asked by patients about to undergo an examination.
Yes, with all the safety this technique has a number of contraindications. It is strictly forbidden to conduct a survey in the following cases:
- the presence of a pacemaker,
- the presence in the body of other implanted electronic devices,
- the presence of metal implants in the skull.
In all other situations, magnetic resonance imaging is not contraindicated. However, experts recommend that you must inform your doctor about the following data before prescribing a diagnosis:
- do you have any metal medical devices in your body?
- Are there other kinds of metallic objects in your body?
- Have you had any previous heart surgery?
- Have you ever experienced a sudden loss of consciousness?
- Have you been diagnosed with epilepsy?
- Women must be informed of pregnancy.
PREPARATION FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE THERAPY IN VALENCIA
Preparation for an MRI, as a rule, does not require adherence to special restrictions. If there are no absolute contraindications, the specialist and the patient jointly agree on the date of the diagnosis. On the day of the procedure, you can eat in the usual way – however, with the prescribed diagnosis of the abdominal cavity with cholangiography, the patient will need to limit food intake before the procedure (at least 4 hours before the procedure).
When prescribing a diagnosis of the pelvic organs, the patient will have to drink 2-3 glasses of water before the procedure. This is because the pelvic organs are best examined when the patient’s bladder is full.
If diagnostics with contrasting is prescribed, then it is undesirable to overeat before the study – but a light snack will only come in handy.
Before starting the procedure, the patient must take off all things that contain metal. Usually in the clinic, the patient is asked to change into disposable pajamas in order to exclude the presence of metal on the clothes. Also, the patient should take off and leave in the storage a watch, glasses with metal arms, all body jewelry. All metal objects and credit cards must be removed from the pockets.
If the patient has metal crowns or dental implants, this usually does not affect the clarity of the images obtained.
In some cases, the diagnostician may need to administer a contrast agent directly during the examination. Contrast is applied so that problem areas are presented more clearly and clearly in the images. In modern MRI devices, the use of gadolinium preparations is usually implied, but there are still devices for which contrast agents based on iodine are used.Therefore, patients are advised to inform them of their iodine allergy in advance – before the appointment of an MRI procedure.
The MRI diagnostic procedure is carried out in a special room. After the patient has changed clothes, the nurse invites him to this office and asks him to lie down on a special table. The movable table is then placed inside the scanner tunnel. The tunnel is equipped with a two-way intercom – if the patient suddenly becomes ill or scared during the procedure, he will be able to inform the doctor about it at any time. In addition, the doctor will monitor the patient’s condition via video link during the entire diagnosis.
The patient must remain immobile during the examination. The average duration of an MRI scan is about half an hour. It is very important that the person does not move – the calmer he lies, the higher the quality of the resulting images will be.
During the operation of the tomograph, a loud knock will be heard, the level and tone of which may change. This indicates the correct operation of the equipment and nothing else.
Gadolinium-based contrast agents are administered intravenously during diagnosis. Usually the volume of the injected drug does not exceed 5-20 ml. In most cases, the injection procedure is not accompanied by unpleasant sensations and does not cause side effects.
Upon completion of the diagnosis, the results with interpretation are usually prepared within 24 hours. In case of urgent diagnostics, it is possible to prepare results in an hour. The patient can get the results on his own in the clinic where the diagnosis was carried out, or he can pick them up from the attending physician (or from the specialist who sent them for the diagnosis).
In which cities of the Comunidad Valenciana are the Ascires clinics located?
- Valencia – Clinic Ascires Campanar (Address: Carrer del Marqués de Sant Joan, 4-6, 46015 València, Valencia)
- Puerto de Sagunto – Clinic Ascires Sagunto (Address: C, Avinguda de l’Advocat Fausto Caruana, 11, 46520 Sagunto, Valencia)
- Castellon – Clinic Ascires Castellon (Address: Carrer de Betxí, 7, 12004 Castelló de la Plana, Castelló)
- Gandia – Clinic Ascires Gandia (Address: Av. d’Alacant, 123, Nave 6, 46702 Gandia, Valencia)
- Xativa – Clinic Ascires Xativa (Address: Ronda Séquia de la Vila, S/N, 46800, Valencia)
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