WHAT IS CONTACT DERMATITIS?
Dermatitis is a type of rash that occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or as a reaction of the body to the use of an allergen (allergy-causing product). It's no secret that even in harmless everyday household chemicals there are substances that irritate the skin. Dermatitis can be caused by:
- medicines, cosmetics and perfumery,
- metals used to make jewelry,
- plants (the most well-known causes of dermatitis are poison ivy and poison oak).
It is not uncommon for a subtle rash to occur after contact with a substance to which the body has not previously reacted in any way. It is impossible to ignore such cases, since with each subsequent contact with this substance the rash will appear again.
WHAT SYMPTOMS OF DERMATITIS SHOULD YOU PAY ATTENTION TO?
If dermatitis has already manifested itself as a rash, then the skin at the site of the rash may turn red, become dry, itching or microcracks will appear. If the cause of the rash is an allergic reaction, swelling or even blisters may appear in the area of the rash.
Serious symptoms to look out for:
- soreness at the site of the rash
- presence of inflammation
- the presence of blisters, the appearance of suppuration and "crust".
HOW TO AVOID RECURRENT DERMATITIS?
There are a number of simple measures to prevent the recurrence of dermatitis and soothe itching:
- Remember what foods or substances you had contact with on the eve of the rash. Practice shows that up to 80% people do not consider the substances with which they regularly interact to be the cause of dermatitis. Meanwhile, the reaction can develop even to the usual detergent that has been used for years before.
- Try to avoid contact with substances and objects that are on the list of potential irritants. If contact cannot be avoided, wear gloves or apply a protective cream to the skin.
- To relieve itching and discomfort, use soothing products: oily moisturizers (unscented), “oatmeal baths” (especially good for children).
WHEN SHOULD YOU SEE A DOCTOR?
Consult a specialist if the rash does not go away or gets worse after two weeks. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the rash and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
HOW TO CURE A RASH?
There are various methods of treatment that help to remove the rash and eliminate discomfort:
- creams and ointments containing steroids. Please note: these products cannot be used alone, otherwise the effects on the skin will be irreversible. Steroid ointments are applied to the skin to relieve redness and itching. Depending on the degree of development of the rash, strong or weak corticosteroids are prescribed.
- Dacortin steroid tablets - used in the presence of a serious rash. Duration of admission - no more than a week. Self-medication is also excluded.
- Wet dressings for severely damaged skin. The first layer of the bandage is a damp cotton cloth, which is placed directly on the problem area of the skin. The second layer is a dry cotton cloth. These dressings can be applied at night.